Backlighting Membrane Switches

Backlighting Membrane Switches

Backlighting Membrane Switches

Backlighting Membrane Switches mean that there is a light source from the backside to light the graphic overlay and provide the indication information to users. When the product is used in the night or dark environment it can light the graphic and make the users or workers make buttons press operation correctly and avoid pressing wrong buttons.

There are several types of backlighting ways for the membrane switches

  • LED backlighting membrane switches
  • EL lamp backlighting membrane switches
  • LGF(Light Guide Fi backlighting membrane switches
  • Fiber backlighting membrane switches (are seldom used nowadays due to their complex manufacturing process and very high cost. It has been replaced by EL lamp backlighting and LGF backlighting technology

LED Backlighting Effective

For the LED backlighting effective, the graphic overlay is lighted by the backside LEDs assembled on the flex or rigid circuit layer. In this way, it is very simple and also economical.

But it couldn’t get an even lighting effect on the surface. For this backlighting method, the LEDs can be assembled under centered buttons and also can be assembled beside the buttons or other areas. The products that need each button to be backlighted, usually design the LEDs under the center of the buttons, then use the center-holed metal domes and print transparent color on the graphic overlay.

In this way, the center button will be much brighter than the sides of it. But this way is easy to achieve and also its cost is the lowest. This is suitable for those products with no very high requirement for the evenness of the backlighting.

EL Lamp Backlighting Membrane Effective

For the EL lamp backlighting membrane effective, the graphic overlay will be backlighted by the EL lamp layer under the overlay. EL( Electroluminescence):

Electroluminescence means luminescence produced by high energy generated from electrons which are accelerated within phosphors when an alternating current is applied to a luminous layer consisting of phosphor powder.

EL lamp’s light is very even and the manufacturing process is also simple. But the end-users need to design an additional connection port for the EL lamp layer.

Also, this kind of backlighting keypad needs another driver to match the EL lamp in the keypad. We can provide the EL driver to match our EL lamp backlighting membrane keypads.

LGF backlighting membrane Effective

The LGF backlighting membrane effective, it is the current most popular backlighting technology. LGF is a light guide film. LGF itself is not a light source. It couldn’t produce light. It still needs the LEDs assembled on the circuit layer to produce the light source.

But LGF can guide the light from the LEDs to the top overlay evenly. This backlighting keypad can save the LEDs quantity and it also can get an even backlighting effect with fewer LEDs.

But in this way, the difficulty is adjusting the refraction dots on the LGF layer. Adjust the direction of dots, density, position, etc. And its tool fees are higher.

Bellow is their difference and advantages and disadvantages for your reference:

Item LED Backlighting EL Lamp Backlighting LGF Backlighting
Manufacturing Difficulty Level Easy Easy Difficulty
Backlighting Uniformity Bad Much Better Better
Tool Cost Low Middle High
Product Cost Normal Higher Middle
If you want to know more about our backlighting membrane switches services, please feel free to contact us.